Importing data into OpenRefine
OverviewTeaching: 10 min
Exercises: 5 minQuestions
How do I get data into OpenRefine?Objectives
Successfully import data into OpenRefine
Please see Downloading Data on the Setup page http://data-lessons.github.io/library-openrefine/setup/
What kinds of data files can I import?
There are several options for getting your data set into OpenRefine. You can upload or import files in a variety of formats including:
- TSV (tab-separated values)
- CSV (comma-separated values)
- Google Spreadsheet
Exercise 1: Create your first OpenRefine project (using provided data)
To import the data for the exercises below, run OpenRefine. NOTE: If OpenRefine does not open in a browser window, open your browser and type the address http://127.0.0.1:3333/ to take you to the OpenRefine interface.
- Locate the file which you have downloaded called
- Click ‘Next’
The next screen gives you some options to ensure that the data gets imported into OpenRefine correctly. The options vary depending on the type of data you are importing.
In this case you need to:
- Click in the ‘Character encoding’ box to set it to
- Ensure the first row is used to create the column headings
Make sure the ‘Parse cell text into numbers, dates‘ box is not checked, so OpenRefine doesn’t try to automatically detect numbers
Once you are happy click the
Create Project >>button at the top right of the screen
This will create the project and open it for you. Projects are saved as you work on them, there is no need to save copies as you go along.
To open an existing project in OpenRefine you can click ‘Open Project’ from the main OpenRefine screen (in the left hand menu). When you click this, you will see a list of the existing projects and can click on a project’s name to open it.
- Look at the other options on the Import screen - try changing some of these options and see how that changes the Preview and how the data appears after import.
- Do you have access to JSON or XML data? If so the first stage of the import process will prompt you to select a ‘record path’ - that is the parts of the file that will form the data rows in the OpenRefine project.
Use the ‘Create Project’ option to import data
You can control how data imports using options on the import screen